This is my reading list for any students looking at doing work around young parents. In 2009 it was the most comprehensive list you would ever have found!

Have fun!


Reading list

Aber, J., Brooks, G. & Maynard, R. (1998) The effects of welfare reform on teenage parents and their children. In: Barnett W, Boocock S (eds.) Early Care and Education for Children in Poverty: Promises, programs, and long-term results. New York: State University of New York Press

Alexander, C., Duncan, S. & Edwards, R. (2007) Listening to young mothers
and fathers: Research findings on the experiences of teenage mothers
and fathers in Bradford. University of Bradford, Bradford

Alexander, C., Duncan, S. & Edwards, E. (eds) (2010) Teenage Parenthood:What's the problem? The Tufnell Press, LSE

Allen, I., Bourke-Dowling, S. & Rolfe, H. (1998) Teenage Mothers: Decisions and
outcomes. London: Policy Studies Institute

Allen, E., Bonell, C., Strange, V., Copas, A., Stephenson, J., Johnson, A. & Oakley, A . (2007) Does the UK governments teenage pregnancy strategy deal with the correct risk factors? Findings from a secondary analysis of data from a randomized trial of sex education and their implications for policy, Journal of Epidemiology Community Health, 61, 20-27

Arai, L. (2003) British policy on teenage pregnancy and childbearing: the limitations of comparisons with other European countries. Critical Social Policy, 23 (1), 89-102

Arai, L. (2003) Low expectations, sexual attitudes and knowledge: explaining teenage pregnancy and fertility in English communities. Insights from qualitative research. The Sociological Review, 51 (2), 199-217. 

Arai, L. (2007)  Peer & neighbourhood influences on teenage pregnancy & fertility. Health & Place, 13 (1), 87-98.

Arai, L. (2009) Teenage pregnancy: the making and unmaking of a problem. Bristol: Policy Press

Arai, L. (2009)  What a difference a decade makes: rethinking teenage pregnancy as a problem. Social Policy and Society, 8, 171-83

Arai, L. (2009) Cross-national comparative research and teenage pregnancy: Reply to Franz and colleagues, Critical Social Policy, 29, 100, 560-564

Austerberry, H., & Wiggins, M. (2007). Taking a pro-choice perspective on promoting inclusion of teenage mothers: Lessons from an evaluation of the Sure Start Plus programme. Critical Public Health, 17(1), 3-15

Baker, A. & Knott, J. (2003) A Housing Needs Analysis for Under 18’s with Children in North East Lincolnshire, Grimsby: North East Lincolnshire Council

Barrell, M. (2000) Educational experiences of adolescent mothers. The Practising Midwife 3: 30–2

Barrett, G., Smith, S. C. & Wellings, K. (2004) Conceptualisation, development and evaluation of a measure of unplanned pregnancy. Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health 58: 426–33

Berrington, A., Borgoni, R., Smith, P.W.F., Ingham, R. and Stevenson, J. (2010) Life course determinants of poor psychosocial health in adulthood: young motherhood as a mediating pathway. Southampton, GB (S3RI Working Papers Applications and Policy, A10/03)

Berrington, Ann, Diamond, Ian, Ingham, Roger, Stevenson, Jim, Borgoni, Riccardo, Cobos Hernández, M. Isabel and Smith, Peter W.F. (2005) Consequences of teenage parenthood: pathways which minimise the long term negative impacts of teenage childbearing. UK, Department of Health, 50pp.

Berthoud, R., Ermisch, J., Francesconi, M., Liao, T., Pevalin, D. & Robson, K. (2004) Long-Term Consequences of Teenage Births for Parents and their Children (Final report to the Department of Health). Essex: Institute for Social and Economic Research, University of Essex

Bell, J., Clisby, S., Craig, G., Measor, L., Petrie, S. & Stanley, N. (2004) Living on the Edge: Sexual Behaviour and Young Parenthood in Seaside and Rural Areas. London: Department of Health

Belling, R. (2003) User Views Evaluation of Reducing Teenage Pregnancy Project: Young Parents Project. London: South Bank University

Billings, J. & Macvarish, J. (2007) Teenage Parents’ Experiences of Parenthood, Antenatal and Postnatal Reports, Centre for Health Services Studies, University of Kent

Boden, J. M., Fergusson, D. M. and Horwood, L. J. (2008) 'Early motherhood and subsequent life outcomes'. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 49, 151-160.

Bonell, C. (2004) 'Why is teenage pregnancy conceptualized as a social problem? A review of quantitative research from the USA and UK'. Culture, Health and Sexuality, 6, 255-272.

Botting, B., Rosato, M. & Wood, R. (1998) Teenage mothers and the health of their children. Office of National Statistics (ONS) Population Trends 1998 Autumn; (93):19-28

Brown, G.C., Brady, G.M. & Letherby, G. (2006) Issues of power and control in the intimate and familial relationships of pregnant teenagers and young parents. Coventry: Coventry University (For Coventry PCT)

Bullen, E., Kenway, J. & Hay, V. (2000) New Labour, Social Exclusion and Educational Risk Management: the case of ‘gymslip mums’ British Educational Research Journal, Vol. 26, No. 4.

Burnett, S. (2003) A Qualitative Study into the Views of Young Mothers in Suffolk
Exploring their Lives Prior to Becoming Pregnant and the Ways in which they
Experience and Understand Help. Suffolk Connexions

Bunting, L. and McAuley, C. (2004) ‘Teenage pregnancy and parenthood: the role of fathers’, Child & Family Social Work, 9, 3, 295-303

Carter, S. and Coleman, L. (2006) ‘Planned’ teenage pregnancy. Perspectives of young parents from disadvantaged backgrounds, Bristol, Joseph Rowntree Foundation by The Policy Press

Clemmens, D. (2003) Adolescent motherhood: a meta-analysis of qualitative
studies. American Journal of Maternal Child Nursing 28: 93–9

Cooper, N. & Burnett, S .(2006) Using Discursive Reflexivity to Enhance the Qualitative Research Process: An Example from Accounts of Teenage Conception 2006; 5; 111 Qualitative Social Work

Cordes, C., Norman, W & Savage, V (2009) Meet the Parents - Stories of teenage pregnancy and parenthood in Lewisham, The Young Foundation

Corlyon, J. & McGuire, C. (1999) Pregnancy and Parenthood: The views and
experiences of young people in public care. London: National Children’s Bureau

Cunnington, A. (2001) What’s so bad about teenage pregnancy?, Journal of Family Planning and Reproductive Health Care, 27(1): 36-41

David, M. (2001) ‘Teenage Parenthood is bad for parents and children’: Restructuring the Governing Patterns of Parents and Children, Education, Employment and Welfare Policies University of Keele

Dawson, N. & Hosie, A. (2005) The education of pregnant young women
and young mothers in England.  University of Bristol, Bristol

Dearden, k. A., C. B. Hale, et al. (1995). The Antecedents Of Teen Fatherhood - A Retrospective Case-Control Study Of Great-Britain Youth. American Journal Of Public Health 85(4): 551-554

Dench, S. (2007) Learning provision for young parents: A survey of learning
providers. Report 440, Institute of Employment Studies, University of
Sussex, Brighton

Dench, S., Bellis, A. & Tuohy, S. (2007) Young mothers not in learning: A qualitative study of barriers and attitudes. Report 439, Institute of
Employment Studies, University of Sussex, Brighton

Dennison, C. (2004) Teenage Pregnancy: an overview of research evidence, Wetherby: Health Development Agency

Department for Children, Schools and Families (2007) Teenage Parents: next steps a guide for local authorities and primary care trusts

Department for Education and Skills (2001) Guidance on the Education of School Age Parents. DCSF Publications, Nottingham

Duncan, S. (2005) What’s the Problem? Teenage Parents: A Critical Review
University of Bradford, Families & Social Capital ESRC Research Group Working Paper No. 15

Duncan, S. (2007)  What's the problem with teenage parents? And what's the problem with Policy. Critical social policy, University of Bradford

Ermisch, J. (2003) ‘Does a ‘teen-birth’ have longer-term impact on the mother? Suggestive evidence from the British Household Panel Study’ Institute for Economic and Social Research, Working Papers, 2003-32, University of Essex

Ermisch, J. and Pevalin, D. (2003) ‘Does a ‘teen-birth’ have longer-term impact on the mother? Evidence from the 1970 British Cohort Study’  Institute for Economic and Social Research, Working Papers, 2003-28, University of Essex.

Ermisch, J. and Pevalin, D. (2003) ‘Who has a child as a teenager?’ Institute for Economic and Social Research, Working Papers, 2003-30, University of Essex

Evans, J. & Slowley, M. (2010) Not the End of the Story: Supporting Teenage Mothers Back into Education, Ilford: Barnardos 

Evans, E. (2003) Teenage Parents: A report of research into the needs of teenage parents and services available to them in the Arun, Adur and Worthing PCT area. London: Family Welfare Association

Field, T., Widmayer, S., Greenberg, R. & Stoller, S. (1982) Effects of parent training on teenage mothers and their infants. Pediatrics 69: 703–7

Franceschelli, M., Sims, L. and Singler, R. (2008) Impact of Care to Learn: Tracking the destinations of young parents funded in 2006-07. Centre for Economics and Social Inclusion, London

Francesconi, M. (2008) 'Adult outcomes for children of teenage mothers'. Scandinavian Journal of Economics, 110, 93-117

Furatenberg, F. F. (2007) Destinies of the Disadvantaged: The Politics of Teen Childbearing, New York, Russell Sage Foundation.

Geronimus, A. (1997) Teenage Childbearing and Personal Responsibility: An Alternative View Political Science Quarterly, Vol. 112, No. 3. (Autumn, 1997), pp. 405-430

Geronimus, A. (2003) 'Damned if you do: culture, identity, privilege, and teenage childbearing in the United States'. Social Science and Medicine, 57, 881-893

Goodman, A., Kaplan, G. and WAalker, I. (2004) Understanding the Effects of Early Motherhood in Britain: the Effects on Mothers. IFS Working Paper 04/18. London, Institute for Fiscal Studies

Graham, H. & McDermott, E. (2005) ‘Qualitative Research and the Evidence Base of Policy: Insights from Studies of Teenage Mothers in the UK’, Journal of Social Policy 35(1): 21–37

Hacking, I. (2002) What is social construction? The teenage pregnancy example in knowing the social world, in Philosophies of Social Science The classic and contemporary readings, Delanty, G. and Strydom, P. (ed), Maidenhead, Philadelphia, Open University Press

Hall, D., Rae, C. & Jarvis, M. (2003) Young Parent Peer Research Project. Leicester Shire Connexions

Harden, A., Burnton, G., Fletcher, A., Oakley A., Burchett, H. and Backhans, M. (2006) Young people, pregnancy and social exclusion: A systematic synthesis of research evidence to identify effective, appropriate and promising approaches for prevention and support. London, The Evidence for Policy and Practice Information and Co-ordinating Centre (EPPI-Centre), Social Science Research Unit, Institute of Education, University of London.

Harden, A., Brunton, G., Fletcher, A. &  Oakley, A. (2009) Teenage pregnancy and social disadvantage: systematic review integrating controlled trials and qualitative studies, British medical journal, vol 339, p 4254

Haveman, R., Wolfe, B., Peterson, E. and Wilson K. (1997) Do Teens Make Rational Childbearing Choices?: Family, Neighborhood, and Net Benefit Determinants of Teen Nonmarital Childbearing. Discussion Paper no 1137-97. Madison, WI, USA, Institue for Research on Poverty, University of Wisconsin- Madison.

Hawkes, D. (2003) The socio-economic consequences of early child-bearing: evidence from a sample of UK female twins, Paper given to British Society for Population Studies annual conference, Leicester, September

Hobcraft, J. and Kiernan, K. (2001) 'Childhood Poverty, early motherhood and adult exclusion'. British Journal of Sociology, 52, 495-517

Hoggart, L. (2006b) Young women, sex and choices: a study of young motherhood in Haringey, Middlesex University  

Hoggart, L & Phillips, J (2009) London Teenage Abortion and Repeat Abortion Research Report, London: Policy Studies Institute

Hoffmann, S. (1998) Teenage childbearing is not so bad after all. Or is it? A review of the new literature, Family Planning Perspectives, 30(5): 236-243

Holmund, H. (2005) 'Estimating long-term consequences of teenage childbearing - An examination of the siblings approach'. Journal of Human Resources, 40, 716-743.

Hope, T., Wilder, E. I., & Watt, T. T. (2003) Pregnancy, pregnancy resolution, and juvenile delinquency. The Sociological Quarterly, 44(4), 555-576.

Hosie, A. & Dawson, N. (2005) The Education of Pregnant Young Women and Young Mothers in England. Bristol: University of Newcastle and University of Bristol

Hosie, A. (2007) ‘I hated everything about school’: An examination of the
relationship between dislike of school, teenage pregnancy and educational
disengagement. In: Social Policy and Society, 6 (3) pp.333-347. University
Press, Cambridge

Hotz, V.J., Mullin, C.H. &  Sanders, S.G. (1997) Bounding Causal Effects Using Data from a Contaminated Natural Experiment: Analysing the Effects of Teenage Childbearing. Review of Economic Studies. Volume 64, Issue 4, 1997, Pages 575-603

Hotz, V.J., McElroy, S.W. & Sanders, S.G. (1997) The Impacts of Teenage Childbearing on the Mothers and the Consequences of those Impacts for Government In: Kids Having Kids: Economic Costs and Social Consequences of Teen Pregnancy. R.A. Maynard, ed. Washington DC: The Urban Institute Press, 1997, pp. 55-90

Hotz, V.J., McElroy, S.W. & Sanders, S.G. (2005) Teenage Childbearing and Its Life Cycle Consequences: Exploiting a Natural Experiment. Journal of Human Resources, Summer 2005, v. 40, iss. 3, pp. 683-715

Hirst, J., Formby, E. and Owen, J.(2006) Pathways into Parenthood: Reflections from three generations of teenage mothers and fathers, University of Sheffield Project funded by Sheffield Health and Social Research Consortium

Hughes, H. (2006) Positive outcomes for teenage mothers, Social work monologues. School of Social work and psychological studies University of East Anglia Norwich

Kiernan, K. and Hobcraft J. (1997) 'Parental Divorce during Childhood: Age at First Intercourse, Partnership and Parenthood'. Population Studies, 51, 41- 55

kiernan, k. (1995). Social backgrounds and post birth experiences of young parents, York: Joseph Rowntree Foundation

Kiernan, K. E. (1997) 'Becoming a Young Parent: A Longitudinal Study of Associated Factors'. The British Journal of Sociology, 48, 406-428

Kidger, J. (2004) Including young mothers: limitations to New Labour’s strategy for supporting teenage parents, Critical Social Policy, 24(3): 291-311

Kneale, D. (2009) 'Early Parenthood: Definition and Prediction in two British Cohorts'. IN STILLWELL, J., COAST, E. and KNEALE, D. (Eds.) Fertility, Living Arrangements, Care and Mobility. Dordrecht, Springer.

Kneale, D. (2010) 'Pushy Parents make for later Grandparents: Parents‟ educational expectations and their children‟s fertility among two British cohorts'. Longitudinal and Life Course Studies, 1, 137-154

Knight, A., E. Chase, et al. (2006). “Someone of your own to love’: experiences of being looked after as influences on teenage pregnancy.” Children and Society 20: 391-403

Kirkman, M.,  Harrison, L., Hillier,  L. & Pyett, P. (2001) 'I know I'm doing a good job': canonical and autobiographical narratives of teenage mothers, Culture, Health & Sexuality, 3:3, 279 - 294

Klepinger, D., Lundberg, S. & Plotnick, R. (1999) How Does Adolescent Fertility Affect the Human Capital and Wages of Young Women? Journal of Human Resources, Summer 1999, v. 34, iss. 3, pp. 421-48

Jewell, D., Tacchi J. and Donovan, J. (2000) 'Teenage Pregnancy: whose problem is it?' Family Practice, 17, 522-528.

Lall, M. (2004) Exclusion from school: Addressing the hidden problem of
teenage pregnancy – research report 28. Sheffield Hallam University
Press, Sheffield

Lawlor, D. & Shaw, M .(2004) Teenage pregnancy rates: high compared with where and when, Journal of the Royal Society of Medicine, 97, 121-123 

Lawlor, D. & Shaw M. (2002) Too much too young? Teenage pregnancy is not a
public health problem. International Journal of Epidemiology 31: 552–3

Lee, E, Clements, S, Ingham, R & Stone, N (2004) A matter of choice? Explaining national variation in teenage abortion and motherhood, London: Joseph Rowntree Foundation 

Letherby, G, Brady, G, Brown, G, Bayley, J & Wallace, L.M (2007) Support prior to and following termination and miscarriage for pregnant teenagers and young parents in Coventry and Warwickshire,  Keynote presentation at the Coventry Teenage Pregnancy Conference, Technocentre, Coventry, May 14th

Liederman, S. & Almo, C. (2001) Interpersonal violence and adolescent pregnancy: prevalence and implications for policy and practice, Centre for Assessment and Policy development

Luker, K. (1996) Dubious conceptions: The politics of teenage pregnancy. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press

Lupton, R. & Kneale, D. (2010) Are there neighbourhood effects on teenage parenthood in the UK, and does it matter for policy? A review of theory and evidence, Centre for Analysis of Social Exclusion

Macintyre, S. & Cunningham Burley, S. (1993) Teenage pregnancy as a social
problem: a perspective from the UK. In: A Lawson, DL Rhode (eds) The Politics of Pregnancy: Adolescent sexuality and public policy. New Haven: Yale University Press

Macvarish, J. (2010) Understanding the significance of the teenage mother in contemporary parenting culture, University of Kent, Sociological Research Online, 15 (4) 3

Macleod, A.J & Weaver, S.M. (2003) Teenage pregnancy: attitudes, social support and adjustment to pregnancy during the antenatal period, Journal of Reproductive and Infant Psychology, 21 (1), 49–59

Mcculloch, A. (2001a) 'Teenage childbearing in Great Britain and the spatial concentration of poverty households'. Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health, 55, 16-23

McDermott, E & Graham, H. (2005) Resilient young mothering: social inequalities, late modernity and the ‘problem’ of ‘teenage’ motherhood. Journal of Youth Studies 8: 59–79

McDonnell, L., Seabrook, A., Braye, S., Bridgeman, J. & keating, H. (2009). Talking Dads: young dads in Brighton and Hove explore parenthood, Brighton, Trust for the Study of Adolescence

Meade, C. S., Kershaw T. S. and Ickovics J. R. (2008) 'The intergenerational cycle of teenage motherhood: An ecological approach'. Health Psychology, 27, 419-429

Milne-Home, J. et al. (1996) Pregnant Futures: barriers to employment, education and training amongst pregnant and parenting adolescents, Canberra, Australian Government Publishing Service

Musick, J.S. (1993) Young, Poor and Pregnant: The Psychology of Teenage Motherhood. Yale University Press, London

Ngu, L. Q. (2005). Better-than-expected transitions to young fatherhood: The role of adolescent mothers and relational capacities, Utah, American Psychological Association

Oakley A., Wiggins M., Sawtell, M,.  Austerberry. H., Clemens, F. & Elbourn, D. (2005) Teenage Parenthood and Social Exclusion: a multi-method study, Social Science Research Unit, Institute of Education University of London.

Paton, D. (2002) The economics of family planning and underage conceptions, Journal of Health Economics, 21, 207-225

Phoenix, A. (1991) Young Mothers? Cambridge UK: Polity Press

Pevalin, D. (2003) Outcomes in Childhood and Adulthood by Mother’s Age at Birth: Evidence from the 1970 British Cohort Study Study’ Institute for Economic and Social Research, Working Papers, 2003-31, University of Essex

Portier-LeCocq, F. (2008) Young British mothers: the insiders’ views. Paper presented at the Conference on Child & Youth Research in the 21st century: A critical appraisal, Nicosia, 28-9th May

Quilgars, D, Johnsen, S. Pleace, N. Beecham, J. and Bonin, E. (2011) Supporting independence? Evaluation of the teenage parent supported housing pilot - Final report, Centre for Housing Policy, University of York

Quinton, D., Pollock, S. and Golding, J. (2002) The Transition to Fatherhood in Young Men. Regard, Economic and Social Research Council

Rae, C. (2001) Talking to Young Parents: Teenage parents in North Braunstone.
Leicester: Turning Point Women’s Centre

Richards, J., Papworth, M., Corbett, S., & Good, J. (2007) Adolescent motherhood: A Q-methodological re-evaluation of psychological and social outcomes. Journal of Community & Applied Social Psychology, 17(5) 347-362

Robinson, B. (1998) ‘Teenage Pregnancy from the Father’s Perspective’, American Journal of Orthopsychiatry 58(1): 46–51

Robson, K. & Berthoud, R. (2003) Early motherhood and disadvantage: a comparison between ethnic groups, Institute for Economic and Social Research, Working Papers, 2003-29, University of Essex

Robson, K. & Berthoud, R. (2003) 'Teenage motherhood in Europe: A multi- country analysis of socioeconomic outcomes'. European Sociological Review, 19, 451-466.

Rosen, D. (2004) I just let him have his way; partner violence in the lives of low-income, teenage mothers, Violence Against Women, 10, 6-28
Roosa, M. W, Tein, J, Reinholtz, C, & Angelini, P. (1997) The relationship of childhood sexual abuse to teenage pregnancy, Journal of Marriage and the Family, 59, 119–130 

Ross, N.,Church, S,. Hill, H., Seaman P. and Roberts. (2010) The Fathers of Children born to Teenage Mothers, CHILDREN 1ST and the Glasgow Centre for the Child & Society, part of the Glasgow School of Social Work, Strathclyde University

Selman, P. (1996) Teenage motherhood then and now: a comparison of the pattern and outcome of teenage pregnancy in England and Wales in the 1960s and 1980s, in H. Jones and J. Millar (eds) The Politics of the Family, Aldershot, Avebury

Selman, P. (2003) ‘Scapegoating and moral panics: teenage pregnancy in Britain and the United States’ in Cunningham-Burley, S and Jamieson, L. (eds.) Families and the Sate: Changing Relationships, London, Palgrave Macmillan

Shanok, A. F., & Miller, L. (2007) Stepping up to motherhood among inner-city teens. Psychology of Women Quarterly, 31(3), 252-261

Sherriff, N. (2007) Supporting Young Fathers: Examples of Promising Practice, Brighton, Trust for the Study of Adolescence

Smith, M. and Cavanagh, B. (2002). Lads Becoming Dads: A Study of Young Dads in Musselburgh. Musselburgh, First Step Community Project

SmithBattle, L. (2000) The Vulnerabilities of Teenage Mothering: Challenging
Prevailing Assumptions, Advanced Nursing Science 23(1): 29–40.

SmithBattle, L. (2000) ‘Developing a Caregiving Tradition in Opposition to One’s Past: Lessons from a Longitudinal Study of Teenage Mothers’, Public Health Nursing 17(2): 85–93

SmithBattle, L. (2007a) ‘I wanna have a good future’: Teen mothers’ rise in educational aspirations, competing demands, and limited school support. Youth and Society, 38(3), 348-371

SmithBattle, L. (2007b) Legacies of advantage and disadvantage: The case of teen mothers. Public Health Nursing, 24(5), 409-420

SmithBattle, L. (1995) Teenage mothers’ narratives of self: an examination of risking the future, Advanced Nursing Science, 17(4): 22-36

SmithBattle, L. (2000) The vulnerabilities of teenage mothering: challenging prevailing assumptions, Advanced Nursing Science, 23(1): 29-40

SmithBattle, L. & Leonard, V (1998) Adolescent mothers four years later: narratives of self and visions of the future, Advanced Nursing Science, 20(3): 36-49

Speake, S., Cameron, S. and Gilroy, R. (1997) Young Single, Non-residential fathers: Their involvement in Fatherhood, Oxford, Family Policy Studies Centre

Stock, J.L, Bell, M.A, Boyer, D.K & Connell, F.A (1997) Adolescent pregnancy and sexual risk-taking among sexually abused girls, Family Planning Perspectives, 29, 200-227

Tabberer S., HALL, C., Prendergast S. and Webster, A. (2000) Teenage Pregnancy and Choice: Abortion or Motherhood: Influences on the Decision. York, Joseph Rowntree Foundation

Unicef (2001), ‘A league table of teenage births in rich nations’, Innocenti Report Card, Issue No. 3, Florence

Vinovskis, M. A. (1988) An ‘‘epidemic’’ of adolescent pregnancy? Some historical and policy perspectives. New York: Oxford University Press

Wellings, K., Wilkinson, P. et al (2005) Teenage pregnancy strategy evaluation, Final Synthesis report, London: Department of Health 

Whitehead E. (2008) Exploring relationships in teenage pregnancy, International Journal of Nursing Practice, 14, 292–295

Whitley, R., & Kirmayer, L. J. (2008) Perceived stigmatisation of young mothers: An exploratory study of psychological and social experience. Social Science and Medicine, 66(2), 339-348

Wiggins, M, Oakley, A, Sawtell, M, Austerberry, H, Clemens, F, & Elbourne, D (2005) Teenage Parenthood and Social Exclusion: A Multi-Method Study: Summary Report of Findings, London: Social Science Research Unit Report, Institute of Education

Wilson, H & Huntingdon, A, (2005) Deviant (M)others: The Construction of Teenage Motherhood in Contemporary Discourse FRST Bright Futures Doctoral Research Fellow, Centre for Public Health Research, Jnl Soc. Pol., 35, 1, 59–76  Cambridge University Press

Wong, J. (1997) The Making of Teenage Pregnancy, in International Studies in the Philosophy of Science, 11:273-8

Zeck, W., Bjelic-Radisic, V., Haas, J., & Greimel, E. (2007) Impact of adolescent pregnancy on the future life of young mothers in terms of social, familial, and educational changes. Journal of Adolescent Health, 41(4), 380-388

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